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Companion Plants for Vegetables & Herbs


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#1 Karin Andresen

Karin Andresen

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Posted 06 June 2010 - 11:25 AM

Most vegetables and herbs have mutually beneficial relationships with a group of “friends”. Their friends may protect them from pests and diseases or attract beneficial insects and pollinators. With the right companions, plants will be protected from problems and produce higher yields. A non-vegetable example is that chives planted near roses discourage aphids from damaging the roses.


Some plants have “foes” too. Foes can reduce yields and inhibit growth. For example, peas and beans don’t like to be near onions or garlic because they stunt their growth.


To have any meaningful impact, companions should be planted as neighbors in reasonably close proximity; they might share the same container, raised bed or raised row.


Use the following Vegetable and Herb Companion Chart to choose beneficial companions for your vegetables and herbs.


 

Crop Friends Foes

Asian Greens


 


Chinese cabbage

Bok Choy

Mizuna

Plant with low-growing flowers such as sweet alyssum, nasturtium and marigold.



Likes strong herbs, including rosemary, sage and thyme.

Bean

Strawberry

Tomato
Asparagus Coreopsis


Cilantro/Coriander
Cosmos

Dill
garlic


Onion

Potato
 
Basil

Repels aphids, asparagus beetles, mites, mosquitoes & tomato hornworm.

Asparagus

Marigold

Pepper

Tomato

Bean
Bean Basil


Cabbage

Carrot

Cauliflower

Celery

Chard

Corn

Cucumber

Dill



Lettuce

Marigold

Nasturtium

Pea

Petunia

Potato

Radish


Rosemary
Salvia

Savory

Snapdragon

Tansy

Tarragon

Chive

Fennel
Garlic

Leek

Onion

Beet Inter-plant with onions and carrot .





Cabbage

Carrot

Catnip – to repel flea beetles


Chive
Lettuce

Mint (in a pot!) - to repel flea beetles

Onion

Radish


Sage

 
Borage


(edible flower)
Pretty blue flowers.


Attracts beneficial pollinators.

Repels tomato worm.




Tomato
 
Cabbage family:




Broccoli

Brussels Sprouts

Cabbage

Cauliflower

Collards

Kale

Kohlrabi
Aster


Beet

Calendula

Dill

Marigold


Oregano

Parsley
Potato


Sage
Sweet Alyssum

Zinnia
Oregano

Strawberry


Tomato
Calendula


(edible flower)
Repels asparagus beetle.



Attracts beneficial insects, so plant throughout the garden.
 
Carrot Beans

Carrot


Cilantro

Coriander
Leeks


Lettuce

Onion
Peas


Pepper

Rosemary

Sage

Tomato
Anise


Celery

Dill

Parsnip
Celery Snapdragons

Corn


Aster (Asteraceae) family. Flowers in this family have “daisy like” flowers and include: Caledula, Chrysanthemum, Coreopsis, Dahlia, Gerbera, Tagets, Zinnia


Corn and asters increase the risk of celery catching a disease known as yellow aster disease , which will cause celery to become discolored and stunt the growth. It will also ruin the taste.

Chard Bean

Cabbage


Onion


 
Chive Repels aphids, Japanese beetles and other pests.





Good perennial herb to plant with grapes, raspberries and roses.





Carrots
Celery

Grape

Pea

Rose


Tomato
Bean
Cilantro

Attracts beneficial pollinators.


Repels aphids.



Caraway


Eggplant
Fruit


Pepper
Potato


Tomato



 
Coriander Attracts beneficial pollinators.
Repels aphids.


Caraway


Eggplant
Fruit


Pepper
Potato


Tomato


 
Corn Traditionally planted with squash and beans fro a “Three Sisters' planting.


Buckwheat

Cucumber


Lettuce
Nasturtium

Pea

Tomato
Corn


 

Cucumber Bean

Corn

Marigold

Nasturtium

Radish
Aromatic herbs such Rosemary and Sage.

Melon

Potato
Dill Cabbage Caraway


Carrot
Eggplant Basil

Cilantro

Coriander
Cosmos


Chives
Dill


Garlic
Gazania

Marigold

Nasturtium


Onions

Parsley
Pepper

Spinach
 
Fennel
Fennel Attracts beneficial insects including ladybugs, syrphid fly, tachinid fly.





Pretty fronds are nice in flower arrangements.
An allelopathic to most garden plants, inhibiting growth, causing to bolt, or actually killing many plants, so plant in it's own bed.
Garlic Helpful companion throughout most of the garden.





Repels Japanese beetle and many other pests.
Bean


Pea
Geranium (Pelagorium) New research shows they repel and perhaps kill Japanese beetles. Plant amongst roses.  
Lemon Balm Plant throughout the garden to attract pollinators to fruit-bearing vegetables such as tomatoes and beans, and deter mosquitoes and squash bugs.

Will not negatively affect other vegetables and herbs.


 
Lettuce Works everywhere in the garden but, especially with beans, carrots, corn, cucumber, garlic and onions.




Plant at the foot of taller plants in late spring and summer so that the lettuce receives a bit of shade.


 
Kale & Collards Basil

Calendula

Catnip – deters flea beetle

Dill

Marigold
 
Marigold


(edible flower)
The work-horse of companion plants. Plant throughout the garden, especially effective when planted around the edge of beds.


Repels Mexican bean beetle, nematodes, and other insect pests.





Helps to repel rabbits.


 
Melon Marigold


Nasturtium;


Radish


 
Mint; Repels aphids and cabbage moths. VERY INVASIVE. Plant in pots.
Nasturtium


(edible flower)
Repels aphids, Colorado potato beetle, Mexican bean beetles and squash bugs.




Attracts beneficial insects.



Attractive spilling over the edge of beds. Makes a cheery ground cover to cover bare areas.
 
Onion Family




Leek


Onion
Shallot
Repels aphids and carrot rust flies.





Beet

Broccoli

Cabbage

Carrot

Cucumber


Lettuce

Pepper
Savory


Squash
Summer Savory

Strawberry


Tomato
Bean

Pea


Sage

 
Oregano Beans
Cucumbers


Squash


 
Parsley

Repels asparagus beetle.



Flowers of second year plants attracts butterflies and other beneficial pollinators.



Asparagus


Cilantro

Coriander
Corn


Pepper

Tomato



 
Pea Calendula


Marigold

Pansy

Petunia

Sweet Alyssum;
Onion family

Garlic
Pepper Basil

Cilantro

Coriander
Cosmos


Chive
Dill


Garlic
Gazanias

Marigold

Nasturtium


Onion

Parsley
Spinach


Tomato
Bean
Kohlrabi
Potato Basil

Bean
Cabbage


Coriander
Corn

Marigold


Parsley
Savory;
Cucumber


Squash family
Radish Repels cucumber beetle.





Basil

Cilantro/Coriander
Spinach


Squash family

Tomato
Bean
Kohlrabi

Potato
Rosemary Repels cabbage moths, carrot rust beetles & Mexican bean beetles.




Asian greens


Bean
Cabbage family

Carrot


Lettuce

Sage

Thyme
 
Sage Repels cabbage moths, carrot rust beetles, flea beetles & slugs.



Cabbage family

Carrot


Rosemary
Thyme
Cucumber
Squash family:



Pumpkin


Squash, summer
Squash, winter


Zucchini

 
Any squash can be part of a “Three Sisters” planting.
May be planted in the spaces between hills of beans and corn.




Basil
Borage

Corn

Marigold

Nasturtium


Onion

Oregano
Radish

Sweet Alyssum
Bean
Kohlrabi
Summer Savory

The German name for savory is Bohnenkraut, “the bean herb”, because it tastes so good with beans.
Repels bean beetles.





Bean



 
Tarragon

The secent and flavor of tarragon deters many pests which makes it a good companion plants for other vegetable and herbs.



 
Tansy

Repels Japanese beetles, Colorado potato beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs, ants and flies.

Beneficial throughout the garden.



Cucumber

Potato


Squash family



 
Thyme Repels cabbage worm.



Asian greens

Cabbage


 
Tomato Basil
Borage


Chives

Cilantro
Cosmos

Dill


Garlic
Marigolds

Nasturtium


Onions

Parsley
Bean, pole
Cabbage family

Corn

Fennel

Kale

Potato ;


 
Zucchini May be planted in the spaces between hills of beans and corn.




Basil
Borage

Corn

Marigold

Nasturtium


Onion

Oregano
Radish

Sweet Alyssum


 

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